DC motors are a type of electric motor that converts direct current electrical energy into mechanical energy. They are widely used in various applications, ranging from household appliances to industrial machinery. DC motors are essential components of modern technology, and their role in the industry is crucial. The working principle of DC motors is based on Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction. When a current-carrying conductor is placed in a magnetic field, a mechanical force is generated, which causes the conductor to rotate. In a DC motor, the armature winding is the current-carrying conductor, and the field winding provides the magnetic field. DC motors are versatile and reliable components that are widely used in various applications. They provide high efficiency, good speed regulation, high starting torque, and smooth and steady operation.